Dear Pastor ___________,
Thank you for writing. You are quite correct in your observations. Josiah Strong did not cite the correct references.
I've copied for you (below) an Appendix note that has been added to more recent printings of The Great Controversy. It explains Strong's error and provides the correct information.
Ellen G. White Estate
12501 Old Columbia Pike
Silver Spring, Maryland 20904
Phone: 301 680-6540
FAX: 301 680-6559
Page 565. QUOTATIONS FROM JOSIAH STRONG.--In his first edition of Our Country, Josiah Strong, without access to primary sources, incorrectly referenced the statements attributed to Pope Pius IX.
The correct reference for the first citation is Pope Gregory XVI3Ds encyclical letter of August 15, 1832. The relevant paragraph is here quoted in full:
Liberty of Conscience
AThis shameful font of indifferentism gives rise to that absurd and erroneous proposition which claims that liberty of conscience must be maintained for everyone. It spreads ruin in sacred and civil affairs, though some repeat over and over again with the greatest impudence that some advantage accrues to religion from it. >But the death of the soul is worse than freedom of error,3D as Augustine was wont to say. When all restraints are removed by which men are kept on the narrow path of truth, their nature, which is already inclined to evil, propels them to ruin. Then truly >the bottomless pit3D is opened from which John saw smoke ascending which obscured the sun, and out of which locusts flew forth to devastate the earth. Thence comes transformation of minds, corruption of youths, contempt of sacred things and holy laws--in other words, a pestilence more deadly to the state than any other. Experience shows, even from earliest times, that cities renowned for wealth, dominion, and glory perished as a result of this single evil, namely immoderate freedom of opinion, license of free speech, and desire for novelty.@--As printed in Claudia Carlen, IHM, The Papal Encyclicals, 1740-1878 (Ann Arbor, Michigan: The Pierian Press, 1'0), vol. 1, p. 238.
The second citation should be credited to Pope Pius IX3Ds Syllabus of Errors, which accompanied his encyclical letter of December 8, 1864. Included among the 80 errors anathematized are:
4. The Church has not the power of using force, nor has she any temporal power, direct or indirect.--Apostolic Letter >Ad Apostolicae,3D Aug. 22, 1851.@
A78. Hence it has been wisely decided by law, in some Catholic countries, that persons coming to reside therein shall enjoy the public exercise of their own peculiar worship.--Allocution >Acerbissimum,3D Sept. 27, 1852.
A79. Moreover, it is false that the civil liberty of every form of worship, and the full power, given to all, of overtly and publicly manifesting any opinions whatsoever and thoughts, conduce more easily to corrupt the morals and minds of the people, and to propagate the pest of indifferentism.--Allocution >Nunquam fore,3D Dec. 15, 1856.@--As printed in Anne Fremantle, ed., The Papal Encyclicals in Their Historical Context (New York: G. P. Putnam3Ds Sons, 1956), pp. 146, 152.
It should also be noted that the oath of allegiance to the pope, quoted in the last paragraph of the citation from Strong, was the bishop3Ds oath, not one taken by cardinals.
Dear Ellen White Estate,
I am an Adventist pastor in California. I am doing a continuing series at my church on Ellen White.
I was reading Great Controversy page 564, and read a citing from a book by Josiah Strong which quotes from an Encyclical of Pope Pius IX, dated August 15, 1854.
I wanted to read the context, so I went online to find it. I went to www.papalencyclicals.net/all.htm
This site list all papal encyclicals, but there is no encyclical dated August 15, 1854. The second reference to an Encyclical dated December 8, 1864 is there, and the quote was not hard to find.
I am puzzled by the reference to the August 15, 1854 letter. I did a variety of searchs. I could find many references to the wording (some Adventist, some quasi-Adventist, some Quaker and even on a Catholic blog - using the quote in reference to a discussion on abortion), but many sound like they are quoting from the exact same source.
I am sure I am not the first to ask this question, but could you explain this for me. Was Josiah Strong incorrect? Does the site www.papalencyclicals.net/all.htm just fail to list that letter? Is there another explanation? Thanks.