A republic situated in Africa including the eastern Sahara, the Nile Valley, the isthmus of Suez, and the Sinai Peninsula. It has an area of 386,650 square miles (1 million square kilometers). Of the country’s 59.3 million people (1994), most live in the Nile Valley. The racial groups that through many centuries entered Egypt have been assimilated to produce an Arabic-speaking indigenous Egyptian race, basically Mediterranean-type, with Arab and Negroid elements. Many Armenian and Greek colonies are found in the cities and large towns. More than 90 percent of Egyptians are Muslims. The largest religious minority is the 8 million-strong Monophysite Christian community known as the Coptic Orthodox Church, dating from before the Muslim period. The Roman Catholic Church began missionary work...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.

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