An ancient independent empire, formerly governed by a constitutional monarchy and now governed by a transitional government, in northeast Africa, bounded on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the north by Eritrea, on the south by Kenya, and on the west by Sudan. It has an estimated area of 437,800 square miles (1,134,000 square kilometers) and a population (1994) of 58.7 million. Agriculture is the principal occupation of the people, the chief exports being coffee, pulses, oilseeds, hides, goatskins, and sheepskins. Much of eastern Ethiopia is low, hot, and dry, with some territory below sea level. The western and northern areas are high, with 8,000-foot (2,400-meter) plateaus and mountain peaks as high as 15,000 feet (4,600 meters). There are many hot springs, craters from extinct volca...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.

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