Syria (SY)

A republic in the Middle East situated on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and bounded on the north by Turkey, on the east and southeast by Iraq, on the south by Jordan, and on the west by Israel, Lebanon, and the sea. It has an area of 72,234 square miles (187,086 square kilometers) and a population (1994) of 14.9 million. Arabs constitute the predominant group and Arabic is the prevailing language. Most of the people are Muslims, but there are also significant groups of Greek Orthodox, Syrian, Armenian, and Roman Catholic Christians. Damascus, the capital, is considered to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. Old Testament Syria (Aram) extended north of Palestine and eastward into the region of the great bend of the Upper Euphrates, probably as far as the Hab...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.

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