Vatican City (VA)

A tiny sovereign state (area, 108.7 acres [45 hectares]) within the city of Rome, a monarchy ruled by the pope as absolute sovereign. It is also the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. The state of Vatican City was created on Feb. 11, 1929, by the Lateran Treaty between the Italian government and the Holy See. The population in 1994 was 811. After 1870, when the last of the territorial possessions of the Papacy had been taken over by the newly unified state of Italy (though an annual payment and the right of extraterritoriality over the Vatican and the papal palaces was offered), the popes refused all agreement with the Italian government, and considered themselves “prisoners” of the Vatican. Not until 1929 was this breach healed ( see SB , Nos. 1169 , 1170 ). The treaties concl...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.

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