A Socialist republic in Southeast Asia situated on the eastern side of the Indochina Peninsula. The territory of Vietnam was formerly a single country comprising Tonkin, Annam, and Cochin China, the history of which can be traced to the beginning of the Christian Era. Several times in its history this country was tributary to China; then, in the second half of the nineteenth century, it became a part of the French colonial possessions in Indochina. During World War II it declared itself a republic, but return of the French after the war led to hostilities with the pro-Communist republican government and caused eventual division of the country in 1954 into two independent parts approximately along the seventeenth degree north latitude. It was officially reunited on July 2, 1976. The republi...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.

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