A theological position in regard to salvation founded by Jacobus Arminius (Hermansz) (1560–1609), professor at the University of Leiden, Netherlands. Focusing his attack principally on the Calvinist position that God has predestined some to salvation and others to damnation, Arminius declared that salvation is theoretically possible for all. As the Arminian doctrine developed, his followers (known in Holland as Remonstrants), denied that any guilt pertains to a child before the age of accountability and that because individuals are not completely depraved they can cooperate with God. Conversely, they also can fall from grace. Probably the most significant theological tenet of Arminianism is that election is based on the foreknowledge of God concerning individuals’ choice, rather than u...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.