Biblical Archaeology

The scientific study of material remains of human life and activity relating to the Bible or Bible times. History and Purpose . The purpose of biblical archaeology is the recovery of the history, culture, and religion of the ancient peoples of all Bible lands from Persia in the east to Italy in the west, with special interest in Palestine and the neighboring regions of Egypt, Syria, and Mesopotamia, which played a major role in Bible history. The archaeological exploration of Egypt began in 1798, when 120 artists and scientists accompanied Napoleon on his Egyptian campaign to study and report on Egypt’s ancient remains. Exploration in Assyria began in 1842 with the excavation of Nineveh by the French consul E. Botta; and that of Palestine, with topographical explorations conducted by the...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.