The place and state of punishment and destruction, by eternal fire in the second death, of those who reject God and the offer of salvation in Jesus Christ. The Heb. she’oÆl and the Gr. hadeµs , both translated “hell,” refer to the unseen world, or world of the dead. The Gr. geenna denotes the “hell” of fiery punishment. The Gr. verb tartarooµ , “to cast [down] to hell,” occurs but once ( 2 Peter 2:4 ). Inasmuch as in the Bible the English word “hell” is used to connote a place of punishment for the impenitent, as well as the realm of the dead ( geenna as well as she’oÆl and hadeµs ), confusion often results. Recognizing the difference in meaning, the RSV and other modern translations prefer to transliterate the Heb. she’oÆl into English as Sheol and the Gr. hade...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.