The eschatological process by which God intervenes in human history to reward “every man according as his work shall be,” to eradicate sin and its results from the universe, and to establish the righteous, universal, eternal reign of Christ. Seventh-day Adventists understand that the great final judgment involves three steps: (1) an investigative judgment, by which those eligible to eternal life are separated from those who are not eligible in a pre-Advent investigation; (2) an examination of the individual cases of the wicked by the righteous, during the millennium, to assure the latter that justice is being done in each case and to determine the sentence to be meted out in each case; and (3) the executive judgment, which takes place at the close of the millennium, when sentence is ex...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.