Justification is the divine act of acquittal, of declaring a repentant sinner released from the guilt of sin and restored to divine favor. In the NT the term occurs only in Rom. 4:25 and 5:16 , 18 , where justification is said to have been made possible by Christ’s vicarious death on the cross and His resurrection. It is the atonement that makes justification possible. Justification involves grace on the part of God and faith on the part of humanity. The verb dikaioµ, “to justify,” “to acquit,” “to reckon,” occurs some 40 times in the NT , the majority of these being in the Epistles of Paul. This fact implies that the doctrine of justification is basically a Pauline theme. It is the foundation upon which depend our relationship to God in this life and our hope for eternal li...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.