(“escape goat”). The KJV term for the goat sent away into the wilderness on the Day of Atonement. The term was derived from the Vulgate caper emissarius, “goat sent away.” In Lev. 16:8 the KJV marginal reading for scapegoat is “Azazel,” a transliteration of the Hebrew. The verse may be translated literally as in the RSV : “And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for Azazel.” Among Christian scholars there have been and still are wide variations of opinion as to the significance of the scapegoat in its relationship to the services of the Day of Atonement, in both type and antitype. One view, among many others, holds that the scapegoat is a type of Christ. Another and opposite view is that the scapegoat is a type of Satan. Althoug...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.