The act, attitude, or condition of rebellion against, or apartness from, God on the part of a morally free person. The Bible terms for sin characterize it as a missing of the mark, a failure, a fault ( Heb. chattaÔth and related words, Gr. hamartia ); rebellion, or deliberate unfaithfulness ( Heb. peshaÔ , cf. Gr. anomia , “lawlessness,” and asebeia , “impiety”); evil ( Heb. raÔ , Gr. kakos ); wickedness or unrighteousness ( Heb. Oawen , Gr. adikia ); guilt ( Heb. Ôawon ); and transgression ( Gr. parabasis ). Sin originated in the universe before the creation of human beings, when an angelic being, Lucifer, deliberately chose to become Satan, the adversary (see Eze. 28:12–17 and Isa. 14:12–14 ). At some time subsequent to the creation of the human race, Satan, in the guise ...

From the Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia. Published with permission from the Review and Herald Publishing Association.